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 Bible Dictionary: Define Abide, Abode, Definition of Abide, Abode

Definition of Abide, Abode from Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words which is keyed to the English Version (1881-1885), which is similar to the ASV 1901 (American Standard Version)

used (a) of place, e.g., Matt. 10:11, metaphorically 1 John 2:19, is said of God, 1 John 4:15; Christ, John 6:56; 15:4, etc.; the Holy Spirit, John 1:32,33; 14:17; believers, John 6:56; 15:4; 1 John 4:15, etc.; the Word of God, 1 John 2:14; the truth, 2 John 1:2, etc.; (b) of time; it is said of believers, John 21:22,23; Phil. 1:25; 1 John 2:17; Christ, John 12:34; Heb. 7:24; the Word of God, 1 Pet. 1:23; sin, John 9:41; cities, Matt. 11:23; Heb. 13:14; bonds and afflictions, Acts 20:23; (c) of qualities; faith, hope, love, 1 Cor. 13:13; Christ's love, John 15:10; afflictions, Acts 20:23; brotherly love, Heb. 13:1; the love of God, 1 John 3:17; the truth, 2 John 1:2.

The RV usually translates it by "abide," but "continue" in 1 Tim. 2:15; in the following, the RV substitutes "to abide" for the AV, "to continue," John 2:12; 8:31; 15:9; 2 Tim. 3:14; Heb. 7:24; 13:14; 1 John 2:24. Cp. the noun mone, below. See CONTINUE, DWELL, ENDURE, REMAIN, STAND, TARRY.

"to abide in, continue in, tarry," is a strengthened form of meno (epi, "intensive"), sometimes indicating perseverance in continuing, whether in evil, Rom. 6:1; 11:23, or good, Rom. 11:22; 1 Tim. 4:16. See CONTINUE, TARRY.

kata, "down" (intensive), and No. 1, is used in Acts 1:13. The word may signify "constant residence," but more probably indicates "frequent resort." In 1 Cor. 16:6, it denotes "to wait."

"to remain beside" (para, "beside"), "to continue near," came to signify simply "to continue," e.g., negatively, of the Levitical priests, Heb. 7:23. In Phil. 1:25, the Apostle uses both the simple verb meno and the compound parameno (some mss. have sumparameno), to express his confidence that he will "abide," and "continue to abide," with the saints. In 1 Cor. 16:6 some mss. have this word. In Jas. 1:25, of steadfast continuance in the law of liberty. See CONTINUE.

lit., "to abide under" (hupo, "under"), signifies "to remain in a place instead of leaving it, to stay behind," e.g., Luke 2:43; Acts 17:14; or "to presevere," Matt. 10:22; 24:13; Mark 13:13; in each of which latter it is used with the phrase "unto the end;" or "to endure bravely and trustfully," e.g., Heb. 12:2,3,7, suggesting endurance under what would be burdensome. See also Jas. 1:12; 5:11; 1 Pet. 2:20. Cp. makrothumeo, "to be longsuffering." See ENDURE, SUFFER, TAKE, Notes (12), TARRY.

"to abide still longer, continue with" (pros, "with") is used (a) of place, Matt. 15:32; Mark 8:2; Acts 18:18; 1 Tim. 1:3; (b) metaphorically, "of cleaving to a person," Acts 11:23, indicating persistent loyalty; of continuing in a thing, Acts 13:43; 1 Tim. 5:5. See CLEAVE, CONTINUE, TARRY. In the Sept. Judg. 3:25.

lit., "to wear through by rubbing, to wear away" (dia, "through," tribo, "to rub"), when used of time, "to spend or pass time, to stay," is found twice in John's Gospel, 3:22 and 11:54, RV "tarried," instead of "continued;" elsewhere only in the Acts, eight times, 12:19; 14:3,28; 15:35; 16:12; 20:6; 25:6,14. See CONTINUE, TARRY.

used once in the sense of "abiding," Matt. 17:22, frequently denotes "to behave oneself, to live a certain manner of life;" here the most reliable mss. have sustrephomai, "to travel about." See BEHAVE, CONVERSATION, LIVE, OVERTHROW, PASS, RETURN.

"to lodge," originally "to lodge in the aule, or courtyard," is said of shepherds and flocks; hence, to pass the night in the open air, as did the Lord, Luke 21:37; "to lodge in a house," as of His visit to Bethany, Matt. 21:17.

"to lodge in a fold in a field" (agros, "a field," aule, "a fold"), is used in Luke 2:8. See LODGE.

"to stand, to make to stand," is rendered "abode" in John 8:44, AV; "continue," in Acts 26:22. In these places the RV corrects to "stood" and "stand." This word is suggestive of fidelity and stability. It is rendered " the charge" in Acts 7:60. See APPOINT, CHARGE, ESTABLISH, HOLDEN, PRESENT, SET, STANCH, STAND.

"to do, make," is used of spending a time or tarrying, in a place, Acts 15:33; 20:3; in 2 Cor. 11:25 it is rendered "I have been (a night and a day);" a preferable translation is "I have spent," as in Jas. 4:13, "spend a year" (RV). So in Matt. 20:12. Cp., the English idiom "did one hour;" in Rev. 13:5 "continue" is perhaps the best rendering. See DO.

"an abode" (akin to No. 1), is found in John 14:2, "mansions" (RV marg., "abiding places"), and John 14:23, "abode."

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