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Logical Fallacy of Ad Misericordiam / Appeal to pity / Appeal to Sympathy / The Galileo Argument


 
 

Logical Fallacy of Ad Misericordiam / Appeal to pity / Appeal to Sympathy

The logical fallacy of Ad Misericordiam occurs when pity is used rather than truth to support a conclusion.

Examples of the Logical Fallacy of Ad Misericordiam / Appeal to pity / Appeal to Sympathy

“Scientists work very hard and they deserve to be supported by tax dollars.”

Whether or not they work hard is not the issue. Are tax dollars the best source for their pay, and does the use of tax dollars assure that scientists will follow a course that is most beneficial for society?

“There are women who are raped. It’s inhumane to make them carry the baby that results from the rape. Therefore, abortion should be legal."

Appeals to pity for the mother, but never addresses the fact that abortion kills a human being who is innocent. And people who use this argument generally don’t support the death penalty for the rapist.

“How dare you pass judgment on the woman, when you have no idea what she’s going through?”

“Keep your religion off my body!”

“Any law against abortion would be a law against a woman’s right to privacy.”

All of these are examples of the logical fallacy of Ad Misericordiam. They ignore the fact that a baby is being murdered. You may note that they are very useful in politics. That's because politics is not about truth.

“Teaching creation to children will result in them having trouble getting a job later.”

Of course, this has nothing to do with whether or not the teachings of evolutionism are true. Note that they never mention that this is because of the hiring discrimination among atheists and ungodly people.

“Many teachers want to teach evolution in schools and are being pressured by creationists not to teach evolution.”

Those poor evolutionists who want to teach evolution have no effect on whether or not evolution has anything to do with reality. This is also a case of special pleading since it demands one set of rules for evolutionists and a totally different set of rules for creationists. It is also a straw man fallacy in that creationists don’t oppose evolution being taught—they oppose hiding the problems with evolution from the students.

“Think of the children who won’t be able to make good life decisions if they don’t believe fully in evolution.”

This is an appeal to pity fallacy, because it avoids the issue at hand: is molecules-to-man evolution something that happened? It also does not follow that belief in evolution would help anyone make good life decisions—most likely, the opposite would be true.

Fallacy Abuse

 

Sandy: "If the Big-Bang-Billions-of-Years-No-Flood-Molecules-to-Man story isn't the only possible answer to the history of the Universe, then why are there no articles defaming it in the Secular Humanist scientific journals."

Rocky: "Because, just as in Galileo's day, the ruling elite among the scientists protect their sacred cow theories."

Sandy: "Don't cry on my shoulder. That is just the Galileo Argument Fallacy."

This is fallacy abuse. Rocky was not crying on Sandy's shoulder. Sandy was claiming a false criteria for determining scientific truth. Rocky pointed out the reason that Sandy's contention was wrong. Sandy twisted Rocky's statement into a straw man argument.

 



Author/Compiler
Last updated: Aug, 2014
 
 

Logical Fallacy of Ad Misericordiam / Appeal to pity / Appeal to Sympathy / The Galileo Argument



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There are 54 sub-topics of "Relevance Fallacies of Distraction"

Logical Fallacy of Avoiding the Issue / Avoiding the Question / Missing the Point / Straying Off the Subject / Digressing / Distraction

Logical Fallacy of Misleading Vividness

Logical Fallacy of Dodging the Question

Logical Fallacy of Ignoratio Elenchi / Irrelevant Conclusion

Logical Fallacy of Irrelevant Question

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Consequences / Argument from Consequences / Parade of the Horribles / Argumentum Ad Consequentiam / Appeal to Consequences of a Belief / Argument to the Consequences

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Bribery / Appeal to Motives in Place of Support

Logical Fallacy of Red Herring / Digression / Diversion / Evading the Issue / Side-tracking

Dodge of Answering a Question with a Question

Dodging by Answering a Different Question / Answering a Question That Was Not Asked

Logical Fallacy of Non-Support

Logical Fallacy of Logic Chopping / Quibbling / Quibble / Splitting-Hairs / Nit-Picking / Trivial Objections / Smokescreen / Blowing Smoke / Befogging the Issue / Clouding the Issue / Megatrifle / Trivial Objections / Cavil / Spurious Superficiality

Admitting a Small Fault to Cover a Big Denial

Logical Fallacy of Arguing a Minor Point and Ignoring the Main Point

Logical Fallacy of Ad Misericordiam / Appeal to pity / Appeal to Sympathy / The Galileo Argument

Galileo Wannabe Fallacy / Galileo Argument (Appeal to Pity)

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Novelty / appeal to the New / Ad Novitam

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to High Tech

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Tradition / Argumentum Ad Antiquitatem / Appeal to Common Practice / Appeal to Antiquity / Proof from Tradition / Appeal to Past Practice / Gadarene Swine Fallacy / Traditional Wisdom

Logical Fallacy of The Way We Have Always Done It

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Desperation

Straw Man Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Extension

In a Certain Respect and Simply / Secundum Quid Et Simpliciter Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Extremes

Logical Fallacy of Taking a Quote Out of Context / Contextomy (type of) / Abstraction / Quote Mining

Logical Fallacy of Misquoting

Logical Fallacy of Accent / Accent Fallacy / Accent by Emphasis / Emphatic Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Accent by Abstraction / Emphasis by Abstraction

Misleading Context Fallacy / Contextomy

Logical Fallacy of Misinterpretation

The Mind Game of Playing Dumb

Logical Fallacy of Arcane Explanation

Logical Fallacy of Hyperbole

Logical Fallacy of Exaggeration / Stretching the Truth / Overstatement

Logical Fallacy of Irrelevant Thesis

Logical Fallacy of Burden of Proof / Shifting the Burden of Proof

Logical Fallacy of Demanding an Uneven Burden of Proof / Demanding Uneven Standards of Acceptance

Burden of Proof Fallacy Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Argument to Moderation / Argumentum Ad Temperantiam / Middle Ground / False Compromise

Logical Fallacy of False Fallacy / Fallacy Abuse

Logical Fallacy of Confusing an Explanation with Proof

Logical Fallacy of Moralism

Logical Fallacy of Ought-Is / Moralistic Fallacy / Moral Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Is-Ought / Is-Ought Fallacy / Arguing From Is to Ought / Is-Should Fallacy / Hume's Law / Hume's Guillotine

Naturalistic Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Notable Effort

Logical Fallacy of Political Correctness / Political Correctness Fallacy / PC Fallacy

False Compromise Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Lip Service

Logical Fallacy of Tokenism

Logical Fallacy of Argument by Denial / Paralipsis Attack / Paralepsis / Apophasis

Diminished Responsibility Fallacy

Contrarian Argument Fallacy

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