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Logical Fallacy of Division / False Division / Ecological Fallacy / Ecological Inference Fallacy


 
 

Logical Fallacy of Division / False Division / Ecological Fallacy / Ecological Inference Fallacy

The fallacy of division is one of the many smokescreens that are used to cover the fact that the reasoning is based on one of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma. Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. All human thought (without Divine revelation) is based on one of three unhappy possibilities. These three possibilities are infinite regress, circular reasoning, or axiomatic thinking. This problem is known as Agrippa's trilemma. Some have claimed that only logic and math can be known without Divine revelation; however, that is not true. There is no reason to trust either logic or math without Divine revelation. Science is also limited to the pragmatic because of the weakness on human reasoning, which is known as Agrippa's trilemma. This is a fallacy that superimposes another level of fallacy on top or one or more of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma.

The logical fallacy of division occurs when someone assumes that what is true for the whole must be true of the individual parts.

Examples of the Logical Fallacy of Division

“Sandy goes to church every Sunday, so I know that he follows Christ.”

This may not, at first, seem like there is any attribute of a whole that is being projected onto the parts of the whole. The whole is all of the people who go to church every Sunday. Then, there is the fact that many people who go to church every Sunday are actually Christ-followers. There is no reason to believe that Willy has ever acknowledged Christ’s leading and guidance in his life or ever once obeyed Christ just from the fact that Willy goes to church.  There is an old expression that says, “Going to church doesn’t make you a Christian any more than going to your garage makes you a car.”

“Universities are dominated by people with an evolutionary mindset. Bill goes to the University. Bill is dominated by the evolutionary mindset.”

While an organization may be dominated by a certain mindset, that doesn’t mean that a certain person is dominated by that same mindset.

“The Catholic Church has been guilty of sexual abuse, and I have neighbor who is a Catholic.”

There are severe problems with this argument, which was actually adapted from something that was on an Atheist website. First, it personifies that Catholic Church as if it were a monolithic thing, almost making it into a person. It is an organization. Second, it applies the actions of some priests (actions which were against the stated precepts of the organization) to the entire Catholic Church. This is the logical fallacy of composition. You will often find that one fallacy leads to another. The conclusion is not stated but implied that you can apply the generalization about the entire organization to a person in the organization.  You cannot.

On the other hand, there are some common traits that you may be able to guess might be true if your neighbor were a member of the Catholic Church. You would have to verify them, though, since each member is an individual who may or may not follow the teachings and trends found in the Church. In the same way, you would probably not serve pork to someone who told you they were Jewish. That doesn’t mean that you can deductively reason that they don’t eat pork.



Author/Compiler
Last updated: Sep, 2014
 
 

Logical Fallacy of Division / False Division / Ecological Fallacy / Ecological Inference Fallacy



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There are 53 sub-topics of "Fallacies of Ambiguity"

Logical Fallacy of Ambiguity

Logical Fallacy of the Barnum Effect / P. T. Barnum Effect / The Fallacy of Personal Validation / The Forer Effect

Logical Fallacy of Ambiguous Assertion

Logical Fallacy of Innuendo

Sly Suggestion Fallacy

Syntactic Ambiguity Fallacy / Structural Ambiguity / Grammatical Ambiguity / Amphiboly / Semantic Ambiguity / Semantical Ambiguity Fallacy

The Logical Fallacy Lexical Ambiguity

Homonymy

Shingle Speech

Use-Mention Error / UME

Double Entendre

Logical Fallacy of Misuse of Etymology

Logical Fallacy of Garden Path Ambiguity

Squinting Modifier Fallacy

Quantifier Fallacy / Quantifier Shift Fallacy

Illicit Observation Fallacy

Metaphorical Ambiguity Fallacy

Euphemism

Logical Fallacy of Equivocation / Bait and Switch / Amphiboly / Semantic Ambiguity / Type-Token Ambiguity / Vagueness

Redefinition Fallacy

Middle Puzzle Part Fallacy

Idiosyncratic Language Fallacy

Type-Token Ambiguity Fallacy

Fallacy of Modal Logic / Modal Scope Fallacy / Misconditionalization

Modal Fallacy / Modal Scope Fallacy

Scope Fallacy

Ambiguous Middle / Ambiguous Middle Term

Logical Fallacy of Hypnotic Bait and Switch

Definist Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Defining a Word in Terms of Itself

Socratic Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Defining Terms Too Broadly

Logical Fallacy of Defining Terms Too Narrowly

Logical Fallacy of Failure to Elucidate

Logical Fallacy of Persuasive Definition / Appeal to Definition / Appeal to the Dictionary / Definist Fallacy (type of) / Rhetorical Definition

Logical Fallacy of Composition / Exception Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Division / False Division / Ecological Fallacy / Ecological Inference Fallacy

Etymological Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Nominalization, Misnomer, Labeling

Logical Fallacy of Inference from a Label

Pigeonholing Fallacy / Ahistoric Fallacy

Category Mistake / Category Error

Logical Fallacy of the Conjunction Effect / Conjunction Fallacy

Disjunction Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Argument by Fast Talking / Information Overload / Bang-Bang-Bang

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Verbosity / Argumentum Verbosium

Logical Fallacy of Argument by Gibberish / Bafflement / Prestigious Jargon

Logical Fallacy of Confusing Contradiction with Contrariety

Logical Fallacy of Ambiguous Collective / Type-Token Ambiguity

Conceptual Fallacy

Anti-Concreteness Mentality Fallacy / Attributing Abstractness to the Concrete / Mistaking an Entity for a Theory / Mistaking Reality for an Assumptions

Butterfly Logic

The Logical Fallacy of Process-Product Ambiguity / Act-Object Ambiguity

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