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 Bible Dictionary: Define Mind, Definition of Mind



The Greek and Hebrew words that are translated as "mind" are also translated into several other words that seem to indicate that the concept is that of the mind or soul of the person--that is, the inner person, the mind/soul/heart/life/self as opposed to the human spirit or the human body/flesh.  The words, mind, soul, heart, life, or self are all synonyms for this part of our 3-part beings. It is the word that is used for a person's will or pleasure, which resides in the soul/mind. It is the life of the person--when the soul/mind leaves that body, the body dies. The brain is there in the body, but the mind has left.

The Holy Spirit has shown us, through Scripture, that we are three-part beings: spirit, soul/mind/heart/life, and body: More info here  We were created spirit, mind, and body. A naturalist will say that the brain is the mind, but the brain is part of the body and there is no scientific evidence that the brain, wonder that it is, would ever be capable of thought as the mind can think.

The same word that is translated as soul is also translated as heart, life, and mind.  The battle, once you are born again, is for the mind.  Satan wants to control the mind through the flesh, the body--through emotions and the functions of the brain and nervous system.  Our spirits are having a great measure of unity with the Holy Spirit--in fact, we are seated in heavenly places with Christ Jesus.  The Holy Spirit is the One Who ought to be controlling our minds.  As Paul said, to be carnally minded is death and to be spiritually minded is life.  This all ties into salvation by grace through faith.

The human mind naturally contains a paradigm, a fake reality.  The easiest way to understand this is through your own paradigm.  Just now, think of your bedroom; do you have a drawer in your bedroom?  Can you open that drawer in your mind and see what is in that drawer?  You didn't actually open it, but you were dealing with your own paradigmParadigms have a mix of truth and error.  The paradigm is like a garden full of weeds.  The Holy Spirit pulls the weeds and plants the right kinds of plants that grow the right kinds of fruit.

As with so many topics, we really need to understand what the words mean in order to understand the concept.  By doing a word study on any of these Greek or Hebrew words, we see that they can have quite a broad range of meanings depending on context.  They can, for instance, sometimes be used as a reference to the being of an animal.  Some of these words are used to refer to the mind or soul of God, Himself.  They can be used to express killing as the taking of a life or the fact of being alive.  It it very striking that the nature of the soul or mind is that it is the very life of the person.  This is the place desires come from, though the word, heart, seems to sound better when we think of that.  It is where hunger or thirst are recognized within us.  Understanding this word can give us a better understanding of what we are actually reading in Scripture and what we actually are as human beings.

Definition of  real faith and real grace

Below is a listing of the Hebrew and Greek words that are translated as mind, heart, soul, self, or life.

Old Testament
05315 nephesh neh'- fesh
from 05314; n f; {See TWOT on 1395 @@ "1395a"}
AV-soul 475, life 117, person 29, mind 15, heart 15, creature 9, body 8, himself 8, yourselves 6, dead 5, will 4, desire 4, man 3, themselves 3, any 3, appetite 2, misc 47; 753
1) soul, self, life, creature, person, appetite, mind, living being, desire, emotion, passion
1a) that which breathes, the breathing substance or being, soul, the inner being of man
1b) living being
1c) living being (with life in the blood)
1d) the man himself, self, person or individual
1e) seat of the appetites
1f) seat of emotions and passions
1g) activity of mind
1g1) dubious
1h) activity of the will
1h1) dubious
1i) activity of the character
1i1) dubious

03820 leb labe
a form of 03824; n m; {See TWOT on 1071 @@ "1071a"}
AV-heart 508, mind 12, midst 11, understanding 10, hearted 7, wisdom 6, comfortably 4, well 4, considered 2, friendly 2, kindly 2, stouthearted + 047 2, care + 07760 2, misc 21;; 593
1) inner man, mind, will, heart, understanding
1a) inner part, midst
1a1) midst (of things)
1a2) heart (of man)
1a3) soul, heart (of man)
1a4) mind, knowledge, thinking, reflection, memory
1a5) inclination, resolution, determination (of will)
1a6) conscience
1a7) heart (of moral character)
1a8) as seat of appetites
1a9) as seat of emotions and passions 1a10) as seat of courage

03824 lebab lay-bawb'
from 03823; n m; {See TWOT on 1071 @@ "1071a"}
AV-heart 231, consider + 07760 5, mind 4, understanding 3, misc 9; 252
1) inner man, mind, will, heart, soul, understanding
1a) inner part, midst
1a1) midst (of things)
1a2) heart (of man)
1a3) soul, heart (of man)
1a4) mind, knowledge, thinking, reflection, memory
1a5) inclination, resolution, determination (of will)
1a6) conscience
1a7) heart (of moral character)
1a8) as seat of appetites
1a9) as seat of emotions and passions 1a10) as seat of courage

03336 yetser yay'- tser
from 03335; n m; {See TWOT on 898 @@ "898a"}
AV-imagination 5, frame 1, mind 1, thing framed 1, work 1; 9
1) form, framing, purpose, framework
1a) form
1a1) pottery
1a2) graven image
1a3) man (as formed from the dust)
1b) purpose, imagination, device (intellectual framework)

The following Hebrew words have been translated as mind, but are better translated as spirit.  The spirit is not the mind.

07307 ruwach roo'- akh
from 07306; n f; {See TWOT on 2131 @@ "2131a"}
AV-Spirit or spirit 232, wind 92, breath 27, side 6, mind 5, blast 4, vain 2, air 1, anger 1, cool 1, courage 1, misc 6; 378
1) wind, breath, mind, spirit
1a) breath
1b) wind
1b1) of heaven
1b2) quarter (of wind), side
1b3) breath of air
1b4) air, gas
1b5) vain, empty thing
1c) spirit (as that which breathes quickly in animation or agitation)
1c1) spirit, animation, vivacity, vigour
1c2) courage
1c3) temper, anger
1c4) impatience, patience
1c5) spirit, disposition (as troubled, bitter, discontented)
1c6) disposition (of various kinds), unaccountable or uncontrollable impulse
1c7) prophetic spirit
1d) spirit (of the living, breathing being in man and animals)
1d1) as gift, preserved by God, God's spirit, departing at death, disembodied being
1e) spirit (as seat of emotion)
1e1) desire
1e2) sorrow, trouble
1f) spirit
1f1) as seat or organ of mental acts
1f2) rarely of the will
1f3) as seat especially of moral character
1g) Spirit of God, the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son
1g1) as inspiring ecstatic state of prophecy
1g2) as impelling prophet to utter instruction or warning
1g3) imparting warlike energy and executive and administrative power
1g4) as endowing men with various gifts
1g5) as energy of life
1g6) as manifest in the Shekinah glory
1g7) never referred to as a depersonalised force

07308 ruwach (Aramaic) roo'- akh
corresponding to 07307; n f; {See TWOT on 2991 @@ "2991a"}
AV-spirit 8, wind 2, mind 1; 11
1) spirit, wind
1a) wind
1b) spirit
1b1) of man
1b2) seat of the mind

New Testament


1271 dianoia dee-an'-oy-ah
from 1223 and 3563; TDNT-4:963,636; {See TDNT 525} n f
AV-mind 9, understanding 3, imagination 1; 13
1) the mind as a faculty of understanding, feeling, desiring
2) understanding
3) mind, i.e. spirit, way of thinking and feeling
4) thoughts, either good or bad

1771 ennoia en'-noy-ah
from a compound of 1722 and 3563; TDNT-4:968,636; n f
AV-intent 1, mind 1; 2
1) the act of thinking, consideration, meditation
2) a thought, notion, conception
3) mind, understanding, will, manner of feeling, and thinking

2588 kardia kar-dee'-ah
prolonged from a primary kar (Latin, cor, "heart"); TDNT-3:605,415; {See TDNT 359} n f
AV-heart 159, broken hearted + 4937 1; 160
1) the heart
1a) that organ in the animal body which is the centre of the circulation of the blood, and hence was regarded as the seat of physical life
1b) denotes the centre of all physical and spiritual life
1b1) the vigour and sense of physical life
1b2) the centre and seat of spiritual life
1b2a) the soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavours
1b2b) of the understanding, the faculty and seat of the intelligence
1b2c) of the will and character
1b2d) of the soul so far as it is affected and stirred in a bad way or good, or of the soul as the seat of the sensibilities, affections, emotions, desires, appetites, passions
1c) of the middle or central or inmost part of anything, even though inanimate 

3563 nous nooce
probably from the base of 1097; TDNT-4:951,636; n m
AV-mind 21, understanding 3; 24
1) the mind, comprising alike the faculties of perceiving and understanding and those of feeling, judging, determining
1a) the intellectual faculty, the understanding
1b) reason in the narrower sense, as the capacity for spiritual truth, the higher powers of the soul, the faculty of perceiving divine things, of recognising goodness and of hating evil
1c) the power of considering and judging soberly, calmly and impartially
2) a particular mode of thinking and judging, i.e thoughts, feelings, purposes, desires

5590 psuche psoo-khay'
from 5594; TDNT-9:608,1342; n f
AV-soul 58, life 40, mind 3, heart 1, heartily + 1537 1, not tr 2; 105
1) breath
1a) the breath of life
1a1) the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing
1a1a) of animals
1a1b) of men
1b) life
1c) that in which there is life
1c1) a living being, a living soul
2) the soul
2a) the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our heart, soul etc.)
2b) the (human) soul in so far as it is constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life
2c) the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from other parts of the body)

3540 noema no’-ay-mah
from 3539; TDNT-4:960,636; {See TDNT 525} n n
AV-mind 4, device 1, thought 1; 6
1) a mental perception, thought
2) an evil purpose
3) that which thinks, the mind, thoughts or purposes

5426 phroneo fron-eh'-o
from 5424; TDNT-9:220,1277; v
AV-think 5, regard 4, mind 3, be minded 3, savour 2, be of the same mind + 846 2, be like minded + 846 2, misc 8; 29
1) to have understanding, be wise
2) to feel, to think
2a) to have an opinion of one's self, think of one's self, to be modest, not let one's opinion (though just) of himself exceed the bounds of modesty
2b) to think or judge what one's opinion is
2c) to be of the same mind i.e. agreed together, cherish the same views, be harmonious
3) to direct one's mind to a thing, to seek, to strive for
3a) to seek one's interest or advantage
3b) to be of one's party, side with him (in public affairs)

5427 phronema fron'-ay-mah
from 5426; TDNT-9:220,1277; n n
AV-mind 2, carnally minded + 4561 1, spiritually minded + 4151 1; 4
1) what one has in the mind, the thoughts and purposes 1106 γνωμη gnome gno'-may
from 1097; TDNT-1:717,119
AV-judgment 3, mind 2, purpose + 1096 1, advice 1, will 1, agree + 4160 + 3391 1; 9
1) the faculty of knowledge, mind, reason
2) that which is thought or known, one's mind
2a) view, judgment, opinion
2b) mind concerning what ought to be done
2b1) by one's self: resolve purpose, intention
2b2) by others: judgment, advice
2b3) decree

3349 meteorizo met-eh-o-rid'-zo
from a compound of 3326 and a collateral form of 142 or perhaps rather 109 (cf "meteor"); TDNT-4:630,590; {See TDNT 487} v
AV-be of a doubtful mind 1; 1
1) to rise up on high
1a) to put a ship [out to sea] up upon the deep
1b) to raise up fortifications
2) metaph.
2a) to lift up one's soul, raise his spirits
2a1) to buoy up with hope
2a2) to inflate with pride
2a3) to be elated
2a4) to take one airs, be puffed up with pride
2b) by a metaphor taken from ships that are tossed about on the deep by winds and waves
2b1) to cause one to waver or fluctuate in the mind
2b2) to agitate or harass with cares
2b3) to make anxious

3661 homothumadon hom-oth-oo-mad-on'
from a compound of the base of 3674 and 2372; TDNT-5:185,684; adv
AV-with one accord 11, with one mind 1; 12
1) with one mind, with one accord, with one passion
++++
A unique Greek word, used 10 of its 12 New Testament occurrences in the Book of Acts, helps us understand the uniqueness of the Christian community. Homothumadon is a compound of two words meaning to "rush along" and "in unison". The image is almost musical; a number of notes are sounded which, while different, harmonise in pitch and tone. As the instruments of a great concert under the direction of a concert master, so the Holy Spirit blends together the lives of members of Christ's church.

3675 homophron hom-of'-rone
from the base of 3674 and 5424;; adj
AV-of one mind 1; 1
1) of one mind, concordant

4288 prothumia proth-oo-mee'-ah
from 4289; TDNT-6:697,937; n f
AV-forwardness of mind 1, readiness 1, readiness of mind 1, ready mind 1, willing mind 1; 5
1) zeal, spirit, eagerness
2) inclination, readiness of mind

4290 prothumos proth-oo'-moce
from 4289;; adv
AV-of a ready mind 1; 1
1) willingly, with alacrity

1878 epanamimnesko ep-an-ah-mim-nace'-ko
from 1909 and 363;; v
AV-put in mind 1; 1
1) to recall to mind again
2) reminding one

2205 zelos dzay'-los
from 2204; TDNT-2:877,297; n m/n
AV-zeal 6, envying 5, indignation 2, envy 1, fervent mind 1, jealousy 1, emulation 1; 17
1) excitement of mind, ardour, fervour of spirit
1a) zeal, ardour in embracing, pursuing, defending anything
1a1) zeal in behalf of, for a person or thing
1a2) the fierceness of indignation, punitive zeal
1b) an envious and contentious rivalry, jealousy

4641 sklerokardia sklay-rok-ar-dee'-ah
from a compound of 4642 and 2588; TDNT-3:613,415; {See TDNT 359} n f
AV-hardness of heart 3; 3
1) hardness of heart 

4893 suneidesis
1) the consciousness of anything
2) the soul as distinguishing between what is morally good and bad, prompting to do the former and shun the latter, commending one, condemning the other
2a) the conscience

4993 sophroneo so-fron-eh'-o
from 4998; TDNT-7:1097,1150; v
AV-be in right mind 2, be sober 2, be sober minded 1, soberly 1; 6
1) to be of sound mind
1a) to be in one's right mind
1b) to exercise self control
1b1) to put a moderate estimate upon one's self, think of one's self soberly
1b2) to curb one's passions

4995 sophronismos so-fron-is-mos'
from 4994; TDNT-7:1104,1150; {See TDNT 782} n m
AV-sound mind 1; 1
1) an admonishing or calling to soundness of mind, to moderation and self-control
2) self-control, moderation

5012 tapeinophrosune tap-i-nof-ros-oo'-nay
from a compound of 5011 and the base of 5424; TDNT-8:1,1152; n f
AV-humility 3, humbleness of mind 1, humility of mind 1, lowliness 1, lowliness of mind 1; 7
1) the having a humble opinion of one's self
2) a deep sense of one's (moral) littleness
3) modesty, humility, lowliness of mind

5279 hupomimnesko hoop-om-im-nace'-ko
from 5259 and 3403;; v
AV-put in remembrance 3, remember 2, bring to remembrance 1, put in mind 1; 7
1) to cause one to remember, bring to remembrance, recall to mind: to another
2) to put one in remembrance, admonish, of something
3) to be reminded, to remember

363 anamimnesko an-am-im-nace'-ko
from 303 and 3403;; v
AV-call to remembrance 2, call to mind 1, bring to remembrance 1, remember 1, put to remembrance 1; 6
1) to call to remembrance, to remind, to admonish
2) to remember, to remember and weigh well and consider

1260 dialogizomai dee-al-og-id'-zom-ahee
from 1223 and 3049; TDNT-2:95,155; v
AV-reason 11, dispute 1, cast in the mind 1, muse 1, think 1, consider 1; 16
1) to bring together different reasons, to reckon up the reasons, to reason, revolve in one's mind, deliberate



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Last updated: May, 2013
 
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There are 43 sub-topics of "M":


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