|Formal Logical Fallacy Illicit Substitution of Identicals / Hooded Man Fallacy / Masked Man Fallacy / Intensional Fallacy / Epistemic Fallacy / Leibniz' Law Fallacy|
Logical Fallacy Illicit Substitution of Identicals / Hooded Man Fallacy / Masked Man Fallacy / Intensional Fallacy / Epistemic Fallacy / Leibniz' Law Fallacy
The hooded man fallacy is a formal fallacy that covers up the problem when reasoning is based on one of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma. Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. All human thought (without Divine revelation) is based on one of three unhappy possibilities. These three possibilities are infinite regress, circular reasoning, or axiomatic thinking. This problem is known as Agrippa's trilemma. Some have claimed that only logic and math can be known without Divine revelation; however, that is not true. There is no reason to trust either logic or math without Divine revelation. Science is also limited to the pragmatic because of the weakness on human reasoning, which is known as Agrippa's trilemma.
The Formal Logical Fallacy Illicit Substitution of Identicals / Hooded Man Fallacy / Masked Man Fallacy / Intensional Fallacy / Epistemic Fallacy / Leibniz' Law Fallacy occurs when the two ways of knowing: knowing of a thing and the knowing of the thing under all its various names or descriptions are mixed in a logical argument. Two things are claimed to be identical, but it is not known that they are. Generally, the only way that two things can be identical is if they are the same thing. You, for instance, are identical with yourself even if you go by several names. All those names refer to you, so each name is identical to all the others. “I know who X is. I don’t know who Y is. Therefore, X is not Y.” “I know what X is. I don’t know what Y is. Therefore, X is not Y.“ For all of these, there is a claim that two things are identical, but it cannot be assured that they are identical.
Being the same as. Not a matter of science or observation. Something is the same as itself.
Leibniz's Law: If two things (people, organizations, entities, etc.) are identical, all of their attributes will be identical. This fallacy, if it is committed, violates Leibniz's Law.
Examples of the Formal Logical Fallacy Illicit Substitution of Identicals / Hooded Man Fallacy / Masked Man Fallacy / Epistemic Fallacy / Intensional Fallacy / Leibniz' Law Fallacy
Jesus didn't say that He is the Father. There is a unity that you may not be able to understand, but there is also a distinctness. The two are not the same person, yet they are both God, not two God's, but a single God. The unity of the Holy Spirit with the Father and Son is of the same nature.
Last updated: Dec, 2014
Toons & Vids
Formally Correct Fallacy / According to the Rules Fallacy (type of)
Logical Fallacy of Affirming the Consequent / Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle Term
Logical Fallacy of Commutation of Conditionals / Fallacy of the Consequent / Converting a Conditional
Logical Fallacy of Affirming a Disjunct / Fallacy of the Alternative Disjunct / False Exclusionary Disjunct / Affirming One Disjunct / Logical Fallacy of the Alternative Syllogism / Asserting an Alternative / Improper Disjunctive Syllogism / Fallacy
Logical Fallacy of Denying the Antecedent / Inverse Error / Fallacy of the Inverse / Invalid modus tollens
Logical Fallacy of Illicit Process
Logical Fallacy of Illicit Major
Logical Fallacy of Illicit Minor
Logical Fallacy of Invalid form using All
Logical Fallacy of Invalid form using "Some"
Logical Fallacy of Unwarranted Contrast / Some Are-Some Are Not
Logical Fallacy of Denying a Conjunct
Logical Fallacy of Negative Premise / Illicit Negative / Drawing a Positive Conclusion from Negative Premises
Logical Fallacy of Drawing a Negative Conclusion from Affirmative Premises / Illicit Affirmative
Logical Fallacy of Existential Instantiation / Existential Fallacy
Fallacy of Exclusive Premises
Logical Fallacy of Four Terms
Logical Fallacy of Necessity / Felacia Necassitas
Logical Fallacy of False Conversion / Illicit Conversion
Logical Fallacy of Illicit Contraposition
Formal Logical Fallacy Illicit Substitution of Identicals / Hooded Man Fallacy / Masked Man Fallacy / Intensional Fallacy / Epistemic Fallacy / Leibniz' Law Fallacy
Formal Logical Fallacy of Confusing "if" with "if and only if"
Logical Fallacy of Negating Antecedent and Consequent / Improper Transposition
Logical Fallacy of Invalid form using "OR"
Logical Fallacy of Confusion of "Necessary" with "Sufficient" Condition
Galileo Wannabe Fallacy / Galileo Argument (Formal)
Four Terms Fallacy / Quaternio Terminorum
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