|Logical Fallacy of Halo Effect|
Logical Fallacy of Halo Effect
The logical fallacy of halo effect occurs when an one or more desirable traits of a person influence opinions of that person for traits that are not actually known. There is also a reverse halo effect or a devil effect. Appearance is very powerful at creating the halo effect, but it could be any trait. Good actors and actresses are often used to promote political agendas because of the halo effect. It is irrational, but it works because people are easily fooled.
Examples of the Logical Fallacy of Halo Effect
When the Muslims began their jihad against the U.S., the majority of sources in the news media began to use the same word, fundamentalist, for Christians who believe the Bible as written and for violent Muslim terrorists. Often, they run two stories back to back, one that mentions a fundamentalist Christian group and another that uses the same word, "fundamentalism," to describe terrorists.
The word, fundamentalist, was coined by Curtis Lee Laws of the unofficial Baptist publication, Watchman-Examiner, as a term for those who believe the fundamental truth of the Bible. It later came to refer to anyone who believes what God is saying through Scripture. During the period from 1910-1920, two separate movements, known as fundamentalism, were developed. Both of them attempted to bridge denominationalism (the separations in the Church) by identifying the fundamental elements of the faith in Scripture. These fundamental elements were then presented as the basic theologies that one must believe to be born again. People who identified themselves are fundamentalists opposed modernism's attempt to disconnect the Church from Biblical truth. They also unsuccessfully tried to oppose the indoctrination into the dogmas, such as evolutionism, of Secular Humanist religion through the public schools. It was a way to try to discern who was part of the Church Universal and who was not, without reference to the confusing denominational lines.
A 1972 study by Dion and Berscheid revealed that people who are more physically attractive are evaluated higher for unrelated traits after seeing a photograph without meeting the people. This study was for 27 traits that included altruism, conventionality, self-assertiveness, stability, emotionality, trustworthiness, outgoing personality, kindness, and sexual promiscuity, and evaluators predicted that the more physically attractive would have more likely to stay married, be a good parent, have social happiness, and experience life fulfillment.
This is a human tendency, and it is a fallacy.
This is an example of the halo effect. There is no reason to believe that Morgan Freeman is an expert in science. Even if he were, his claims would need to be evaluated on their own merit. In other words, scientists or scholars can benefit from the halo effect and avoid having anyone examine their ideas on the merit of their ideas alone.
Last updated: Aug, 2014
Toons & Vids
Logical Fallacy of Faulty Appeal to Authority / Argumentum Ad Verecundiam / Argument from Authority / Argument from False Authority / Ipse Dixit / Testimonials / False Attribution
Logical Fallacy of False Attribution
Logical Fallacy of Pretentiousness
Ad Verecundiam Fallacy
The The Semi-Attached Figure / Superficially Convincing Fog Fallacy
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Biased Authority
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Anonymous Authority
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Self-Declared Authority
Logical Fallacy of the Authority of the Select Few
Invincible Authority Fallacy / Appeal to Invincible Authority
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Celebrity
Logical Fallacy of Argument by Personal Charm / Style over Substance
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to the Exotic
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Gravity
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Accomplishment
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Control of Scientific Journals
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Control of Scientific Funding
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Control of News Media
Logical Fallacy of Spotlight
Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Age / The Wisdom of the Ancients
Logical Fallacy of Argument to the Purse / Argumentum Ad Crumenam / Appeal to Poverty / Argumentum ad Lazarum
Logical Fallacy of Halo Effect
Logical Fallacy of Reverse Halo Effect / Devil Effect
According to the Rules Fallacy
Logical Fallacy of Word Magic
Answer to Critic
Appeal to Possibility
Argument to the Future
Love Between a Man and Woman
Righteousness & Holiness
Proof by Atheism
Scriptures About Marriage
The Reason for Rejecting Truth
Witness on the Internet
Flaky Human Reasoning
How Do You Know?
The Real Purpose of the Church
The Real Purpose of Life
From Glory to Glory
REAL Faith--What it IS & IS NOT
REAL Love--What it IS & IS NOT
How to be Led by God
How to Witness
Wisdom: Righteousness & Reality
Holiness & Mind/Soul
Redemption: Free From Sin
Stories Versus Revelation
Circular Reasoning-Who is Guilty?
How Can We Know Anything?
Mind Designed to Relate to God
Answers for the Confused
Fossil Record Says: "Creation"
Avoid These Pitfalls
Public School's Religion
Public School Failures