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Logical Fallacy of Illicit Major

 

Logical Fallacy of Illicit Major

Illicit major is a formal fallacy that covers up the problem when reasoning is based on one of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma. Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. All human thought (without Divine revelation) is based on one of three unhappy possibilities. These three possibilities are infinite regress, circular reasoning, or axiomatic thinking. This problem is known as Agrippa's trilemma. Some have claimed that only logic and math can be known without Divine revelation; however, that is not true. There is no reason to trust either logic or math without Divine revelation. Science is also limited to the pragmatic because of the weakness on human reasoning, which is known as Agrippa's trilemma.

The logical fallacy of illicit major occurs when a premise is stated referring to only part of the class, but the conclusion referrs to the whole class.

S=subject, P=predicate, M=middle term

"All S are P" (Major Premise)

"No M  are S" (Minor Premise)

"Therefore, no M are P" (Fallacy of Illicit Major)

Examples of the Logical Fallacy of Illicit Major

 

Subject = Catholics, Predicate = Christian, Minor Term = those supposed to follow Jesus

 

The minor term is the term that appears in the minor premise as the predicate. If it appears in the conclusion as the subject, it is undistributed. If we were to write the conclusion as, “Therefore, all S are M (Therefore, all Catholics are supposed to follow Jesus) then it would not be a fallacy.

 

"All Christ-followers are human beings."

"No person who is not following Christ is a Christ-follower."

"Therefore, no person who is not following Christ is a human being."

 

This reasoning is invalid because the form is backwards. The first two premises are true, but the form is invalid, so the reasoning is not sound.

 

"All of those who are following Christ are people who have committed sins."

"No people who think they are naturally good are following Christ."

"Therefore, No people who think they are naturally good are people who have committed sins."

The conclusion is wrong. It doesn't follow from the premises. All people who think they are naturally god are people who have committed sins. The major and minor premises are both true, but the conclusion is false. The form is not valid.



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Last updated: Sep, 2014
 
 




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Formally Correct Fallacy / According to the Rules Fallacy (type of)

Logical Fallacy of Affirming the Consequent / Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle Term

Logical Fallacy of Commutation of Conditionals / Fallacy of the Consequent / Converting a Conditional

Logical Fallacy of Affirming a Disjunct / Fallacy of the Alternative Disjunct / False Exclusionary Disjunct / Affirming One Disjunct / Logical Fallacy of the Alternative Syllogism / Asserting an Alternative / Improper Disjunctive Syllogism / Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Denying the Antecedent / Inverse Error / Fallacy of the Inverse / Invalid modus tollens

Logical Fallacy of Illicit Process

Logical Fallacy of Illicit Major

Logical Fallacy of Illicit Minor

Logical Fallacy of Invalid form using All

Logical Fallacy of Invalid form using "Some"

Logical Fallacy of Unwarranted Contrast / Some Are-Some Are Not

Logical Fallacy of Denying a Conjunct

Logical Fallacy of Negative Premise / Illicit Negative / Drawing a Positive Conclusion from Negative Premises

Logical Fallacy of Drawing a Negative Conclusion from Affirmative Premises / Illicit Affirmative

Logical Fallacy of Existential Instantiation / Existential Fallacy

Fallacy of Exclusive Premises

Logical Fallacy of Four Terms

Logical Fallacy of Necessity / Felacia Necassitas

Logical Fallacy of False Conversion / Illicit Conversion

Logical Fallacy of Illicit Contraposition

Formal Logical Fallacy Illicit Substitution of Identicals / Hooded Man Fallacy / Masked Man Fallacy / Intensional Fallacy / Epistemic Fallacy / Leibniz' Law Fallacy

Formal Logical Fallacy of Confusing "if" with "if and only if"

Logical Fallacy of Negating Antecedent and Consequent / Improper Transposition

Logical Fallacy of Invalid form using "OR"

Logical Fallacy of Confusion of "Necessary" with "Sufficient" Condition

Galileo Wannabe Fallacy / Galileo Argument (Formal)

Four Terms Fallacy / Quaternio Terminorum


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