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Fallacy / Paralogism


Fallacy / Paralogism

Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. All human thought (without Divine revelation) is based on one of three unhappy possibilities. These three possibilities are infinite regression, circular reasoning, or axiomatic thinking. This is known as Agrippa's trilemma. Some have claimed that only logic and math can be known; however, that is not true. Without Divine revelation, neither logic nor math can be known. Science is also a casualty of the weakness on human reasoning, which is known as Agrippa's trilemma.

Fallacy / Paralogism occurs when any error in thinking causes one to believe something that is not true or cannot be proven to be true. Different people have different definitions of what a fallacy is. The term, fallacy, can mean an error in an argument, and error in reasoning, a false belief, or the cause of any of these errors in thinking. For the purpose of this discussion, the definition of fallacy will be anything that can lead to false beliefs. This is a broader definition than some people use, but we are concerned about knowing truth and spotting lies.

Examples of Fallacies / Paralogism's

  • Fallacies of Presumption, Bare Assertion, and Lies (using no evidence at all)
  • Fallacies of Flawed Evidence (using evidence that isn't true or testable by anyone)
  • Fallacies of Limiting Presuppositions (Worldviews or presupposed assumptions severely limit the ability to perceive reality or to discern between reality and the presuppositions/worldview.)
  • Statistical Fallacies
  • Fallacies of Contradiction
  • Fallacies of Comparison
  • Fallacies of Choice
  • Fallacies of Cause
  • Fallacies of Circular Reasoning (Assuming the conclusion as a starting point for proving the conclusion)
  • Fallacies of Non Sequitur (Using evidence that doesn't prove the point)
  • Fallacies of Invalid Form (Formal Fallacies: Getting mixed up in thinking)
  • Fallacies of Ambiguity (being unclear)
  • Relevance Fallacies of Authority (using authority as evidence when the authority doesn't prove the point)
  • Relevance Fallacies of Emotion (using emotion rather than reason)
  • Relevance Fallacies Against the Person, Organization, Book, etc. (attacking people rather than reasoning)
  • Relevance Fallacies of Pressure (using pressure rather than reason)
  • Relevance Fallacies of Distraction/Misdirection (Causing the focus of attention to move to one thing in order to avoid detection of another thing)
  • Fallacies of Omission (leaving out important information)
  • Tactics and Mind Games (using deceptive tricks of various kinds that go beyond statements)
  • Faulty Conclusions That Affect Future Reasoning (They become part of the inner paradigm or presupposition and are not challenged again because they are thought to be part of reality.)

Last updated: Sep, 2014
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