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Logical Fallacy of Ad Hoc Rescue / Ad Hoc Hypothesis


Logical Fallacy of Ad Hoc Rescue / Ad Hoc Hypothesis

Ad hoc rescue is one of the many smokescreens that are used to cover the fact that the reasoning is based on one of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma. Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. All human thought (without Divine revelation) is based on one of three unhappy possibilities. These three possibilities are infinite regression, circular reasoning, or axiomatic thinking. This problem is known as Agrippa's trilemma. Some have claimed that only logic and math can be known without Divine revelation; however, that is not true. Without Divine revelation, neither logic nor math can be known. Science is also limited to the pragmatic because of the weakness on human reasoning, which is known as Agrippa's trilemma.

The logical fallacy of ad hoc rescue occurs when someone is desperate to hang onto some part of their worldview that is out of sync with reality, so, facing facts that contradict the worldview, they use ad hoc stories to rescue their worldview. In other words, they make up stories to explain away reality.

The story of molecules-to-man evolution is constantly rescued by just-so stories whenever it runs into snags. Many of the things that formerly were claimed to be the very things, that, if observed, would falsify the story of molecules-to-man evolution have been observed but explained away using the logical fallacy of ad hoc rescue. This is also true of Big Bang stories, the Bible has errors stories, billions-of-years stories, etc.

Examples of Logical Fallacy of Ad Hoc Rescue / Ad Hoc Hypothesis

Bill Nye arguing against Creation science: "Lord Kelvin: if the Sun were made of coal and burning, it couldn’t be more than 100,000 or so years old, but radioactivity was discovered. Radioactivity is why the Earth is still as warm as it is. It’s why the Earth has been able to sustain its internal heat all these millennia."

Bill Nye uses that logical fallacy of the red herring along with the logical fallacy of misleading vividness. All of this has nothing to do with the question that was asked. Not only that, but Bill has rewritten history. Kelvin was looking for the source of light from the Sun. He rejected any kind of fuel that could be consumed like a giant fireplace because if the Sun were made of coal, it would have burned up in about 1,500 years—which didn’t match the Bible. Kelvin believed that the findings of observation would match the Bible. Nevertheless, Bill’s thought is more confused than that. Kelvin also calculated an upper possible age for the Earth of 100 million years based on how long it would take the core to cool. Some contemporary scientists calculated an upper limit of 10 million years. This was upsetting to evolutionists, of course. A rescuing mechanism in the form of an ad hoc hypothesis was developed. This ad hoc hypothesis is that radioactivity supplies the extra heat necessary to keep the Earth core hot over 4.5 billion years. We are not dogmatically claiming to know that the Earth is 6,000 years old. We know that God created the Heavens and the Earth in six days and we know the number of generations between Adam and Christ. That's about it. Even though a plain reading of Scripture seems to indicate a young Earth; even though there is zero observed evidence and only circular reasoning and speculations that support old Earth stories, we can't even deny the possibility that God could have done something that Scripture doesn't hint at and that has left no scientific evidence. It is possible. It just is not worth the time to think about it.

Bill Nye arguing against Creation science: "these elements that we all know on the periodic table of chemicals and the ones we don’t know were created when stars explode . . . Hans Bethe who won the Nobel Prize for discovering the process by which stars create all these elements."

Bethe actually just proposed that stars are powered by nuclear fusion. Bill stretched this into discovering the process by which stars create all these elements.

Bill’s claim that the elements were created when stars exploded is not proven by any observation, so Bill is committing a hysteron proteron fallacy. This is also a false cause and effect fallacy, since Bill is claiming that the stars caused the elements to exist, but there is no evidence that they did. In fact, there is good evidence that they did not. The thought process is being misrepresented. What actually happened was that the theorists were not able to come up with any kind of story that could explain how a Big Bang could possibly produce anything more than three light elements. So they had a problem in that almost all elements had no explanation. The ad hoc rescue story was that those elements were created when stars explode. The story doesn’t work real well, but when people want to eliminate God, any excuse will do.

Bill Nye arguing against Creation science: "If you could show that somehow the microwave background radiation is not a result of the Big Bang, come on. Write your paper. Tear it up." [The implication: Oh, by the way, it must pass peer review in a Secular Humanist journal. But nothing that violates the sacred cows gets through that filter.]

This statement is a lie for the same reason as the last statement was a lie. There are actually huge scientific problems with microwave background radiation and the Big-Bang story. (see the articles listed below.) When those came up, an ad hoc hypothesis known as inflation was used to rescue the Big-Bang story. Ad hoc hypotheses can be made up to defend anything. Anything! Therefore, Bill’s claim is false. Bill would NOT abandon his sacred cow under any circumstances. He would most likely be willing to drop the Big Bang story if he could find a better story that eliminates God better than the Big Bang. Atheists and Agnostics hold their beliefs to shield themselves from God. We know, by revelation, that they are being willingly ignorant and that it is because they love darkness rather than light. The fact is that you can’t prove the Sun to someone who doesn’t want to acknowledge it.

"Models have been proposed to account for the preservation of non-biomineralized tissues, organic matter and kerogens in the fossil record."

Models are simply stories to try to explain something. In this case, they are ad hoc rescuing mechanisms. They are not to be confused with observation and deductive reasoning.

Many Schweitzer, who discovered soft tissue in dino fossils: "Because the persistence of still-soft vessels, matrix and cells in fossil remains millions of years old is unexpected and, if original, refutes models of degradation, decay and fossilization, it is important to document pathways and patterns that may lead to such preservation, and to propose viable and testable mechanisms for preservation based upon known and well-understood chemistry and molecular interactions."

Many Schweitzer, who discovered soft tissue in dino fossils: "If these components are demonstrated chemically to be original, a mechanism must exist to allow their persistence across geological time."

In trying to explain away the problem of soft tissue in fossils that are supposed to be tens of thousands to millions of years old: "These results suggest that present models of fossilization processes may be incomplete and that soft tissue elements may be more commonly preserved, even in older specimens, than previously thought."

These quotes are from a paper titled: "Soft tissue and cellular preservation in vertebrate skeletal elements from the Cretaceous to the present." There is no mention in the paper that there might be a possibility that the million-of-years story may be in error. The presupposition is so strong that it ignores the evidence.

Sandy: "All scientists agree that molecules-to-man evolution is a fact of science."

Rocky: ", Answers in Genesis, and Institute of Creation Research have PhD scientists who don’t agree that molecules-to-man evolution is a fact of science. They think it’s not science."

Sandy: "Those aren’t real scientists. I wouldn’t believe anything written by any of those organizations."

Sandy is using the logical fallacy of ad hoc rescue because he doesn’t want to look at the facts regarding evolution. He wants to believe what his teachers told him, that it is settled science and there is not need to think about it anymore.


Last updated: Sep, 2014
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Toons & Vids



Logical Fallacy of Proof by Fallacy

Proof Surrogate / Evidence Surrogate

Error in Observation

Misrepresenting the Facts Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Distorted Evidence

Logical Fallacy of Unverified Evidence

Logical Fallacy of Hysteron Proteron

The Logical Fallacy of Unsubstantiated Inference

Assuming Facts Not In Evidence

Logical Fallacy of Wishful Thinking

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Worldview / Appeal to Fake-Reality / Appeal to Paradigm / Appeal to Confirmation Bias

Logical Fallacy of Slippery Slope

Logical Fallacy of Limited Scope

Logical Fallacy of Mind Reading

Logical Fallacy of Shoehorning

Logical Fallacy of Confirmation Bias

Sacred Cow Fallacy

Fantasy Projection / Worldview Projection / Fake-Reality Projection / Paradigm Projection / Context Projection

Group Think Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Context Imposition

Psychologist's Fallacy

The Logical Fallacy ofAmazing Familiarity

Stolen Concept Fallacy / Smuggled Concept Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Weak Inference

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Theoretical Stories

The Logical Fallacy of Anecdotal Evidence Presented as Scientific Evidence / Personal Testimony Presented as Scientific Evidence

Logical Fallacy of Dismissing All Personal Testimony

Logical Fallacy of Rewriting History / Have it Your Way

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Model

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Assumption

Logical Fallacy of Argument from Personal Incredulity / Personal Belief / Personal Conviction

Logical Fallacy of Argument by Lack of Imagination

Logical Fallacy of Argument by Imagination

The Logical Fallacy of Capturing the Naive / Argumentum ad Captandum / Argumentum ad Captandum Vulgus

Logical Fallacy of Argument from Personal Astonishment

Logical Fallacy of Special Pleading

Logical Fallacy of Variant Imagization

Logical Fallacy of Self-Exclusion

Logical Fallacy of Unintended Self-Inclusion

Ad Personam Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Assertion / Proof by Repeated Assertion

Logical Fallacy of Cherishing the Zombie

Logical Fallacy of Argumentum Ad Lapidem

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Understatement / Misunderstanding by Understatement

Logical Fallacy of Proof by Logical Tautology

Logical Fallacy of Proof by False Declaration of Victory

Logical Fallacy of Assumption Correction Assumption

False Criteria Fallacy / Fallacy of Questionable Criteria

Logical Fallacy of Cutting Off Discussion / Summary Dismissal

Logical Fallacy of Thought-Terminating Cliche / ClicheThinking

Logical Fallacy of Truism

Logical Fallacy of the Perfect Solution / Nirvana Fallacy / Perfect Solution Fallacy / Perfectionist Fallacy

Just In Case Fallacy / Worst Case Scenario Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Unwarranted Extrapolation

Logical Fallacy of Untestability

Logical Fallacy of Subjectivity / Relativist Fallacy / Subjectivist Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Bizarre Hypothesis/Theory / Far-Fetched Hypothesis/Theory

Logical Fallacy of Least Plausible Hypothesis

Logical Fallacy of Extravagant Hypothesis / Complex Hypothesis Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Privileging the Hypothesis

Logical Fallacy of Canceling Hypotheses

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to False Faith

Logical Fallacy of False Appeal to Heaven / Appeal to Heaven / Gott Mit Uns / Manfest Destiny / Special Covenant

Logical Fallacy of Inaccurate Models

Logical Fallacy of Hedging / Having Your Cake / Failure to Assert / Diminished Claim / Failure to Choose Sides / Talking out of Both Sides of Your Mouth / If by Whiskey

Preacher's "We" / Salesman's "We" / Politician's "We" Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Nature

Logical Fallacy of Experimenter Bias

Fallacy of the Crucial Experiment

Logical Fallacy of Argument from Hearsay / Telephone Game / Chinese Whispers / Anecdotal Evidence / Volvo Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Ad Hoc Rescue / Ad Hoc Hypothesis

The Logical Fallacy of Hindsight Bias / Knew-it-all-Along Effect / Creeping Determinism

Logical Fallacy of Continuum / Argument of the Beard / Fallacy of the Beard / Heap Fallacy / Heap Paradox Fallacy / Bald Man Fallacy / Continuum Fallacy / Line Drawing Fallacy / Sorites Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Argument from Fallacy / Argumentum Ad Logicam

Logical Fallacy of Inflation of Conflict

Logical Fallacy of Infinite Regress / Homunculus Argument

The Logical Fallacy of Reification / Anti-Conceptual Mentality Fallacy / Attributing Concreteness to the Abstract / Concretism / Hypostatization Fallacy / Objectification

Logical Fallacy of Reification / Personification

Logical Fallacy Slothful Induction

Logical Fallacy of Superstitious Thinking / Magical Thinking

Logical Fallacy of Meaningless Question

Logical Fallacy of Proving Non-Existence

Argumentum ad Imaginibus

Statement of Conversion Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Outdated Information

Logical Fallacy of Argument by Laziness

Alien Fallacy

Quantum Physics Fallacy

Fallacious Abstraction Fallacy

Appeal to the Untested / Appeal to the Unknown Fallacy

Grasping at Straws

Appeal to Pragmatism Fallacy / Pragmatic Fallacy / Appeal to Convenience / Pragmatism / Appeal to Utility / Argumentum Ad Convenientiam

Appeal to Fake Hope

Appeal to Intuition Fallacy

Appeal to Mystery Fallacy

Argument from Design Fallacy

Untestability Fallacy

Fallacy of Imaginary Evidence

Monopolizing the Question / Hypophora

Fallacy of Antecedent / Fallacy of Time

Faulty Sign / Faulty Predictor Fallacy

Pretentious Antecedent

Logical Fallacy of Pretentious Premise



Answer to Critic

Appeal to Possibility

Circular Reasoning

Argument to the Future

Insignificant Cause

Word Magic

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Colossians 2

Righteousness & Holiness

Don't Compromise


Proof by Atheism

Scriptures About Marriage

Genuine Authority

The Reason for Rejecting Truth

Witness on the Internet

Flaky Human Reasoning

How Do You Know?


The Real Purpose of the Church

The Real Purpose of Life

From Glory to Glory

REAL Faith--What it IS & IS NOT

REAL Love--What it IS & IS NOT

How to be Led by God

How to Witness

Wisdom: Righteousness & Reality

Holiness & Mind/Soul

Redemption: Free From Sin

Real Reality

Stories Versus Revelation

Understanding Logic

Logical Fallacies

Circular Reasoning-Who is Guilty?

How Can We Know Anything?

God's Word

God's Process

God's Pattern

Mind Designed to Relate to God

Answers for the Confused

Fossil Record Says: "Creation"

Avoid These Pitfalls

Public School's Religion

Twisting Science


Public School Failures

Twisting History

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